Tag Archives: mild acne

Treatment of Mild Acne

 

How to Get Rid of Comedones

Treatment of mild acne involves limiting or controlling triggering factors, life style management and getting rid of the comedones with topical medications.

Mild acne refers to non-inflammatory type of acne presenting with open or closed comedones, the blackheads and whiteheads respectively.

Acne Comedones
Mild Acne: Pathogenesis and Treatment

In most cases of adolescents and teenagers, the comedones on the forehead, cheeks and nose are the first signs of arrival of puberty. In majority of affected cases, the acne eruptions are too mild to necessitate any treatment. But when the eruptions are generalized and appearing in crops, early treatment will effectively control the acne.

 What are the General Measures Advised to Treat Mild Acne

 General advices and tips for dealing with acne are the same for all types of acne. These include advices on washing, skin care and lifestyle adjustments. Teens suffering from comedones, especially the blackheads may try to pick, squeeze and scrub the zits leading to worsening of the condition, and, possibly, inflammatory changes like redness and infection. This should be avoided at all costs. If you want to remove the debris from the blackheads, have it done by an experienced dermatologist or a cosmetologist using a comedone extractor only.

How to Treat the Mild Acne?

Following is a step by step guide to get rid of the comedonal acne:

  1. Wash the skin no more than twice a day with mild soap and water.
  2. In general, the mild acne is treated with a single topical application. Topical retinoids are considered the first line therapy for comedonal acne.
  3. Apply the retinoids only at night.
  4. To begin with, start at the lowest strength of the topical retinoid. Most commonly used retinoids are tretinoin, isotretinoin and adapalene, either in gel or cream forms. Gel has a drying effect and is preferred in those with an oily skin.
  5. Benzoyl peroxide 2.5-5% is the second choice in comedonal acne; but used only if the topical retinoids are not tolerated well. Azelaic acid may be used if the patient cannot tolerate benzoyl peroxide.
  6. During a follow up after 4-6 weeks, the physician will assess the response to treatment. If the response is evident and positive, same regimen is continued till new eruptions cease to appear. A maintenance application of 2-3 times every week is advised till there is no evidence of acne eruptions for at least 2-3 months at a stretch.
  7. A non comedogenic, water based moisturizer is used in the morning if the anti-acne medication is causing excessive skin dryness.
  8. Some patients may experience a flare up of the acne bumps during the first 2-3 weeks of topical retinoid application. This is mistaken as a worsening of the acne and the medication is stopped by the patients. Actually this reaction is an inflammatory blowout of the comedones and indicates the beginning of the recovery period. Hence, the applications should be continued in such cases, albeit at a lower concentration and frequency than before, till the reaction subsides. At times, a course of oral antibiotics may be required to tide over the inflammatory reaction.

In females requiring contraception, a combination pill may be advised, as these also help control the acne eruptions.

It is possible that even minor acne eruptions can cause significant negative psychosocial impacts in the affected teens. The treatment of acne will not be complete unless this issue is also taken care of through relevant supportive therapies.


Published by Dr Hanish Babu, MD on 27th May, 2018

Disclaimer
The information given in this article is for educational purpose only so that patients are aware of the options available. No diagnosis should be made or treatment undertaken without first consulting your doctor. If you do so, the author or the website will not be responsible for any consequences. The images provided are for illustration purpose only and are copyrighted.

Copyright 2018 © Dr Hanish Babu, MD

What is Acne?

What is Acne?

Acne, or pimples, is the commonest skin disease affecting almost 85% of teens at least once in their lifetime. It is a disease of the hair unit of the skin involving the oil producing sebaceous glands situated beside the hair. The sebaceous glands discharge their oily secretions into the hair canal.

Grade 3 or Papulopustular Acne
Moderate Acne: Grade 3 or Papulopustular Acne

Androgen hormones act on the sebaceous glands at puberty and increase their size and sebum (oil) production. The normal function of sebum is to keep the skin smooth and supple by providing an oily environment. Increased sebum secretion and the action of certain bacteria inside the hair canal results in acne formation.

The following series of articles will discuss about different types of acne and modalities of treatment of acne and its complications.

The links will become active as new articles are being added. Please visit this page regularly.

All About Acne

  1. Acne 101: The Acne Basics
  2. Causes of Acne
  3. Pathogenesis of Acne or How Does Acne Develop?
  4. Acne Triggers
  5. Who is at Risk of Developing Acne?
  6. What are the Different Types of Acne?
  7. Acne: Best Treatment Practices: Why Acne Should be Treated
  8. Acne: General Advices from Dermatologist
  9. Mild Acne: Frequently Asked Questions
  10. How to Treat Mild Acne
  11. Moderate Acne: Frequently Asked Questions
  12. How to Treat Moderate Acne
  13. Severe Acne: Frequently Asked Questions
  14. How to Treat Severe Acne
  15. FAQ on Very Severe Nodulocystic Acne
  16. How to Treat Very Severe Nodulocystic  Acne
  17. Does Food Affect Acne?
  18. Acne: Diet Recommendations
  19. Acne in Teens
  20. Acne in Adults: What it is and how to treat.
  21. Body Acne
  22. Acne Butt
  23. Skin Types
  24. Acne Mimics
  25. Acne: Frequently Asked Questions
  26. Topical Treatment for Acne
  27. Complications of Acne
  28. Acne Scar : Causes
  29. Acne Scar: Treatment
  30. Acne Scar: FAQ
  31. Acne Scar Solution
  32. Stress and Acne: Is it Real?
  33. Acne: Home Remedies: Are they Useful or Just Grandma’s Tales?
  34. Acne: Alternative Treatments: Are they Effective?
  35. Acne Myths
  36. Acne Products
  37. Acne during Pregnancy
  38. Skincare during Acne
  39. Chronic Acne: How to Deal with it
  40. Acne and Depression
  41. Acne Glossary
  42. Acne: Disclaimer

Published by Dr Hanish Babu, MD on 23rd May, 2018

Disclaimer

The information given in this article is for educational purpose only so that patients are aware of the options available. No diagnosis should be made or treatment undertaken without first consulting your doctor. If you do so, the author or the website will not be responsible for any consequences. The images provided are for illustration purpose only and are copyrighted.